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Obesity is a term used to describe somebody who is very overweight with a high degree of body fat. Obesity does not just happen overnight, it develops gradually from poor diet and lifestyle choices Most cases of obesity are caused by eating too much and moving too little. If you consume high amounts of energy from your diet but do not burn off the energy through exercise and physical activity, the surplus energy will be turned into fat.
What is the impact of obesity?
If you’re obese, you’re more likely to develop a number of potentially serious health problems, including:
- High cholesterol and triglycerides
- Type 2 diabetes
- High blood pressure
- Heart disease
- Cancer, including cancer of the uterus, cervix, ovaries, breast, colon, rectum and prostate
- Sleep apnea, a potentially serious sleep disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops and starts
- Gallbladder disease
- Gynecologic problems, such as infertility and irregular periods
- Erectile dysfunction and sexual health issues, due to deposits of fat blocking or narrowing the arteries to the genitals
- Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, a condition in which fat builds up in the liver and can cause inflammation or scarring
- Skin problems, such as poor wound healing
Quality of life
when you’re obese, your overall quality of life may be lower, too. You may not be able to do things you’d normally enjoy as easily as you’d like. You may have trouble participating in family activities. You may avoid public places. You may even encounter discrimination.
Other weight-related issues that may affect your quality of life include:
- Physical discomfort
- Sexual problems
- Social isolation
Who can you lose weight?
Whether you’re at risk of becoming obese, currently overweight or at a healthy weight, you can take steps to prevent unhealthy weight gain and related health problems the goal of obesity treatment is to reach and stay at a healthy weight. You can start feeling better and seeing improvements in your health by just introducing better eating and activity habits. Sometimes you may need to work with a team of health professionals, including a nutritionist, dietician, therapist or an obesity specialist, to help you understand and make changes in your eating and activity habits. All weight-loss programs require changes in your eating habits and increased physical activity. The treatment methods that are right for you depend on your level of obesity. Other form of weight loss such as medications and surgery must only be considered following discussion with medical specialist.