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What is high blood pressure?
High blood pressure (HBP) is a condition that can lead to coronary heart disease, heart failure, stroke, kidney failure, and other health problems.
“Blood pressure” is the force of blood pushing against the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps blood. If this pressure rises above 140/90 and stays high over long time, it can damage the body in many ways
High blood pressure is called the silent killer. It may not have any warning signs.
Why is high blood pressure dangerous?
If untreated, high blood pressure can be a serious disease. When your blood pressure is high, your heart has to work harder than it should to move blood to all parts of the body. If not treated, it raises your chances of:
- Heart attack
- Kidney problems
- Eye problems
Are you at risk?
There are many risk factors that may put you at high risk for high blood pressure. These include your age, sex, ,race , ethnicity and if you have other cardiovascular risk factors like diabetes , hyperlipidemia , obesity , renal disease and smoking . But you reduce your risk by eating a healthy diet and maintaining a healthy weight, not smoking, and being physically active.
What are the signs and symptoms?
High blood pressure usually has no warning signs or symptoms, so many people don’t realize they have it. That’s why it’s important to visit your doctor regularly.
To prevent high blood pressure:
- Aim for a healthy weight.
- Be active every day.
- Use less salt and sodium in cooking.
- Reduce or stop alcohol intake
- Don’t smoke
- Prevent or manage diabetes
- Eat a healthy diet
How is it treated?
If you have high blood pressure, your doctor may prescribe medication to treat it. Lifestyle changes, such as the ones listed above, can be just as important as taking medicines. Talk with your doctor about the best ways to reduce your risk for high blood pressure.